Low emissions strategies - what’s happening around the world?

Under the Paris Agreement, all countries committed to producing a long-term climate plan.

In the EU, WWF MaxiMiseR’s recent report showed that only 13 out of the 28 Member States have submitted such a strategy.

Are non-EU countries doing any better? Leia Achampong, MaxiMiseR Climate Policy Officer conducted a review of low emissions strategies from countries outside of the EU, based on a questionnaire that was sent to 168 countries. Unfortunately only 11 out 168 countries responded to the questionnaire.

The Democratic Republic of Congo is one such respondent, and has set a 50% reduction target by 2050 in its long-term strategy, which was developed in collaboration with civil society, officials and academic institutions. However it’s not a sector wide strategy, as it only covers the energy, agriculture and mobility sectors.

Overall the key finding is that among the 11 countries that responded, six have a long term strategy (LTS) in place and another four are working on producing one. Only Mongolia said that it hadn’t started to work on a strategy.

Other key findings in the MaxiMiseR non-EU questionnaire:

  • Many of the LTS submitted do not include a 2050 target year

  • There is little political commitment as LTS are either not binding or do not receive enough high-level support

  • Key sectors such as aviation and transport are missing in many of the strategies

  • Most strategies do not have a well developed, dynamic review process

  • None of the countries foresee any regional cooperation with neighbouring countries

  • Stakeholder involvement is an essential part of most LTS, yet there is room for improvement on who is involved

Common problems that these countries say they face include a lack of expertise, little financial support or low awareness. Many of those challenges on how to develop a comprehensive long term development strategy,  are addressed in MaxiMiseR’s guidance report Planning to succeed

More country specific challenges can be found in the report.