External resources - more info
Long-term climate strategies hub
Long-term climate strategies set countries on the path toward a zero-carbon, prosperous future
CAN Briefing on Civil Society Engagement in Developing Long-Term Strategies
This CAN Briefing identifies several benefits of civil society engagement in the process of developing long-term strategies and provides key recommendations on how governments can carry out effective engagement for long-term gains. Read here
Carbon Market Workshop | LIFE SIDE project
The workshop gathered different stakeholders and senior policy makers from different carbon markets worldwide (California, Canada, China, EU and New Zealand), to discuss and exchange experiences in the design and implementation of emissions trading.
A Brief History of CO2 Emissions
A brief history of CO2 emissions. And what difference we can make for tomorrow's climate" explains the 2 degree goal, the Paris Agreement, and the European and German climate policy goals for 2020.
Global Environmental Change
The Shared Socioeconomic Pathways and their energy, land use and greenhouse gas emissions implications: An overview
Assessing Pathways toward Ambitious Climate Targets at the Global and European Levels. Read the full report here.
Toolbox Navigator is a searchable database of tools, guidance, and advisory support to help countries implement their NDCs. Try it out.
2050 Pathways handbook
The 2050 Pathways Platform is an initiative that was launched in Marrakech at COP22. The objective of the Platform is to support countries, states, regions, cities and companies seeking to devise long-term, net zero-greenhouse gas, climate- resilient and sustainable development pathways. Read the handbook.
WHY DEVELOP 2050 PATHWAYS?
The 2050 Pathways Platform is an initiative that was launched in Marrakech at COP22. The objective of the Platform is to support countries, states, regions, cities and companies seeking to devise long-term, net zero-greenhouse gas, climate- resilient and sustainable development pathways. Read now.
CAN Europe position on the regulation of the governance of the Energy Union
CAN Europe calls on the European Parliament and Council to improve the proposed Energy Union governance legislation by taking into account some key political demands. Read now.
Centre for Climate Change, Economics and Policy working paper - Cars, carbon taxes and CO2 emissions (2015)
Is a carbon tax effective in reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, and thereby mitigating climate change? The author estimates the reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) from the transport sector in Sweden during the years 1990 to 2005 as a result of the introduction of a carbon tax and a value added tax (VAT) on transport fuel in the years 1990-1991. Read now.
Carbon Market Watch policy brief: Addressing aviation emissions under the EU Emissions Trading System
This paper makes recommendations to put aviation on track to do its fair share to address climate change. Read now.
European Commission overview of auctioning emissions allowances
This webpage explains how auctioning of allowances works under the EU emissions trading system (EU ETS). Read now.
DIW Berlin policy brief: Energy and Climate towards 2050 - Four Scenarios (March 2017)
The global energy transition is particularly sensitive to three main forces: the state of international politics which itself is contingent on security matters; the integration of economic and energy-related objectives and incentives; and, finally, the balancing between climate change mitigation and adaptation response types. Read now.
EEA report: Climate change, impacts and vulnerability in Europe 2016 (January 2017)
This report is an indicator-based assessment of past and projected climate change and its impacts on ecosystems and society. It also looks at society’s vulnerability to these impacts and at the development of adaptation policies and the underlying knowledge base. Read now.
Energy Post article on use of emissions trading revenues for low-carbon finance (2014)
EU member states used much more of the ETS revenues for low-carbon development than EU law suggests they should. This suggests that the ETS could become a major source of low-carbon finance in the future, writes Emil Dimantchev, senior analyst at Thomson Reuters, but more earmarking is needed. Read now.
GermanWatch paper on earmarking ETS allowances for climate action (2013)
This paper argues that ETS revenues could become an essential funding source already during the second and then the third EU ETS period. Starting in 2013, at least half of the allowances are being auctioned – and hence, much more and stable revenues could be generated (with the appropriate framework conditions). Read now.
IDDRI and Ecologic report: Developing 2050 decarbonization strategies in the EU: Insights on good practice from national experiences (February 2017)
This study highlights lessons that can be learned from recent experiences with 2050 decarbonization strategies in selected EU countries. It highlights examples of good practice and implications for the guidelines and requirements being drawn up by the EU. Read now.
IETA case study of EU ETS (2015)
The paper looks at the EU Emissions Trading System and its key policy features. Read now.
WWF infographic 'Five steps to fixing the EU ETS' (2016)
The graphic shows how EU institutions can strengthen the ETS during the current reform. Read now.
Joint NGO briefing on the governance of European climate and energy policies after 2020 (July 2015)
A credible governance framework is key to meeting the 2030 targets and delivering the Energy Union because it will reinforce investor confidence and energy security and enable citizens to take ownership of the transition. Read now.
London School of Economics article - Should the UK stay or should it go? The consequences of a divorce with the EU ETS (February 2017)
LSE evidence submitted to Parliamentary consultations on the effect of Brexit on UK climate policies concludes that, on balance, the best option for the UK is to negotiate to stay within the EU ETS. But what alternatives does the UK have? This article considers the options. Read now.
Oxfam paper on the EU ETS as a source of international climate finance
The ETS revision needs to include substantial changes to turn it into an effective mitigation and financing instrument, including the permanent cancellation of the large surplus of allowances and a move towards full auctioning of all allowances, argues this paper. Read now.
RFF paper on the architecture of the EU Emissions Trading System in phase 3
This paper goes through the changes to the ETS made in 2015.
Science article - A roadmap for rapid decarbonization (March 2017)
A subscriber-only article. Read.
UN Environment: Emissions gap report (November 2016)
The world must urgently up action to cut a further 25% from predicted 2030 emissions, says UN Environment report 2016. Read.
World Resources Institute working paper: Examining the alignment between the intended nationally determined contributions and Sustainable Development Goals (September 2016)
This paper explores the extent to which the Paris Agreement and the SDGs are aligned. Read.
WWF European Policy Office: webpage overview of 2050 climate plans
An overview of 2050 climate plans and the MaxiMiseR project.
WWF Germany's assessment of Germany's Climate Action Plan 2050 (2017 update) (March 2017)
WWF welcomes the guiding principles of the plan, but a huge discrepancy exists between these and the instruments proposed. Read.
Clean energy fundamental in climate long-term strategies, International Climate Policy, Energy Policy. International Centre for Climate Governance
Araya, M & Amorim, A – Nivela Discussion Paper: Climate and development plans to 2050: Lessons and emerging best-practice (2016)
In the aftermath of Habitat III - dealing with sustainable urbanization - and in preparation for COP22 and the entry into force of the Paris Agreement, we offer a downloadable 30-page concept note dealing with the the long term plans to deliver climate and development objectives.
These 2050 decarbonization plans will be effective to the extent they combine top quality analytics and modelling with political analysis that deliver winning strategies not only to deliver on the climate targets but also to deal with the opposition to change.
Because all countries will eventually have to develop 2050 plans, this area is a fertile area for collaboration around lessons from previous efforts and best emerging practice.
Averchenkova A – United Nations Development Programme (2010): How-to Guide: Low-emission Development Strategies and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (2010)
Recognizing that each country has unique national circumstances and priorities, this guide describes the main steps in the process of developing LEDS and NAMAs that a country would need to follow; it identifies the main questions that need to be addressed at each stage of the process and describes the main relevant policy instruments available, based on the analysis of the practical experience with LEDS and related processes to date.
Where possible the guide uses practical examples to illustrate various ele ments of a LEDS. Therefore this guide is intended to help policy makers organize the process of developing LEDS or NAMAs and to assist in preparing initial concepts for such strategies or actions. It is also intended to serve as the basis for determining s trategic national goals and for obtaining international finance to support national actions. It can also be used as a reference for where to find more detailed information on various elements
Clapp C, Briner G, Karousakis K – IEA & OECD: Low-Emission Development Strategies (LEDS): Technical, Institutional and Policy Lessons (2010)
This paper outlines how the concept of LEDS has evolved in the climate policy discourse and explores how it could usefully add to the large number of existing strategies, action plans, and reporting documents that are already available. The paper outlines gaps that LEDS could fill, the elements it could contain, and how LEDS can be prepared to ensure that they are effective and efficient in delivering their intended goals.
EU Energy Roadmap 2050
The European Commission's 2011 Energy Roadmap set out four main routes to a more sustainable, competitive and secure energy system in 2050: energy efficiency, renewable energy, nuclear energy, and carbon capture and storage. It combined these routes in different ways to create and analyse seven possible scenarios for 2050.
The Deep Decarbonisation Pathways Project – IDDRI: 2050 low-emission pathways: domestic benefits and methodological insights (2016)
The DDPP experience shows that designing long-term pathways can help:
1. Build development pathways that are consistent with both national circumstances and global climate constraints.
2. Support the identification of country-specific actions towards low-emission futures.
3. Select the short-term actions needed to follow truly transformative pathways in the long term.
4. Inform the regular revisions of domestic transformations in a context of uncertainties.
5. Ensure that low-emission transformations are consistent with the satisfaction of domestic development priorities.
6. Reveal the requirements from international cooperation to enable domestic transformations.
Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Bread for the World, WWF, CAN International & ACT Alliance: Pioneers of Change - 21 Good practices for Sustainable Low Carbon Development in Developing Countries (2015)
This publication has been created within the framework of the project »Exploring Sustainable Low Carbon Development Pathways«. Based on 21 studies from different developing countries and economic sectors, it shows that climate protection and poverty reduction are not necessarily in competition, but that they can be combined. At the same time, the authors illustrate the challenges that exist on the path to sustainable development models and those on the agenda at the UN climate summit in Paris, and they outline sustainable policy approaches for an equitable socio-ecological transformation.
Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme – Knowledge Series 011/12, Low Carbon Growth Studies Program (2012), Planning for a Low Carbon Future – Lessons Learned from Seven Country Studies (2012)
ESMAP and the World Bank began in 2007 to provide support to countries to develop longterm frameworks for reducing GHG emissions in a way that is compatible with economic growth objectives and tied to national and sectoral plans. In total, seven studies were conducted between 2007 and 2010, for the following countries: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Poland, and South Africa. This report collates the lessons learned from these studies and is intended as a practical guide for government officials, practitioners, and development agencies involved in low carbon development planning.
Low Carbon Development Strategies A Primer on Framing Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) in Developing Countries (2011)
There is a strong need for clarification both of the underlying terminology and possible approaches, and development of more detailed guidance and tools to assist the national processes.
Several initiatives by national, bilateral and multilateral actors are attempting to bring about this clarification and improved understanding, essentially combining practical application with normative development, and providing the experiences as input to the political negotiations being conducted under the UNFCCC.
This UNEP primer aims to contribute to this clarification by presenting the basic principles, proposing some possible elements of a national LCDS and NAMA preparation process, and providing a template for NAMA articulation. These proposals are not presented as ultimate thoughts, but as specific ideas for discussion and practical testing.
Transitions Pathways and Risk Analysis for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption Strategies project
TRANSrisk - Transitions Pathways and Risk Analysis for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption Strategies, started in September 2015 under the umbrella of EU Horizon 2020 programme.
TRANSrisk aims to assess low emission transition pathways that are technically and economically feasible and acceptable from a social and environmental viewpoint.
TRANSrisk brings together quantitative models and qualitative approaches, focusing on participatory consultations with stakeholders as a link between the approaches.
PPT: Energy Union governance - guidance national plans
Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and Council on the governance of the Energy Union
Proposal for a
REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
on the Governance of the Energy Union,
amending Directive 94/22/EC, Directive 98/70/EC, Directive 2009/31/EC, Regulation (EC) No 663/2009, Regulation (EC) No 715/2009, Directive 2009/73/EC, Council Directive 2009/119/EC, Directive 2010/31/EU,
Directive 2012/27/EU, Directive 2013/30/EU and Council Directive (EU) 2015/652 and repealing Regulation (EU) No 525/2013
Proposal for a regulation of the European Parliament and of the Council on the Governance of the Energy Union
Analysis of selected climate protection scenarios for European countries Substudy Report
Developing long-term visions of future economies is crucial for starting a transformation into a decarbonised future. More recently several European countries have started this process by developing ambitious decarbonisation scenarios. This paper presents a detailed analysis of six country studies, namely France, Italy, Poland, Sweden, United Kingdom, and Germany.
An Investable Emissions Reduction Plan (2017)
This document, developed in discussion with members:
- Sets out a number of core principles that any country should employ when developing an emissions reduction plan to deliver their Paris Agreement commitments (including net zero emissions by 2050) and applies them in the UK context;
- Calls for a clear and ambitious long-term UK decarbonisation strategy, focused in particular on three key sectors (power generation, buildings/heat and transport);
- Warns thatwithout greater vision, leadership and clarity from Government about its decarbonisation planning, the UK may fail to attract sufficient investment to build a low carbon economy.
Having developed this framework and used it in a UK context it is hoped that the same approach can now be used to analyse climate and energy plans in other countries.
Future Proofing: Sustainable plans for prosperous economies
This briefing provides an overview of the complementary relationship that can exist between government and business when it comes to policy, particularly on climate change. It also outlines key characteristics of business friendly long-term plans.
Planning Development in a Carbon Constrained World
Country Briefs on: Brazil I Germany I Mexico I Scotland I South Africa I UK.
Low Carbon Growth Plans Advancing Good Practice
This first review of current Low Carbon Growth Plans finds that, although they contain common elements, they are not entirely consistent in their content and development approach. Furthermore, support provided from developed to developing countries in developing these plans have been piecemeal, uncoordinated and insufficient. The same applies for financial flows associated with the opportunities and needs highlighted in the plans.