External resources - decarbonisation strategies and long-term planning
2050 and long-term climate strategies
- WWF European Policy Office: webpage overview of 2050 climate plans
- WWF Germany's assessment of Germany's Climate Action Plan 2050 (2017 update) (March 2017)
Excerpt: WWF welcomes the general messages of the Climate Action Plan: Guiding principles and transformative pathways, climate protection as a strategy to modernise our national economy. However, a huge discrepancy exists between the general messages and the instruments level.
Excerpt: The global energy transition is particularly sensitive to three main forces: the state of international politics which itself is contingent on security matters; the integration of economic and energy-related objectives and incentives; and, finally, the balancing between climate change mitigation and adaptation response types.
- IDDRI and Ecologic report: Developing 2050 decarbonization strategies in the EU: Insights on good practice from national experiences (February 2017)
Excerpt: This study highlights lessons that can be learned from recent experiences with 2050 decarbonization strategies in selected EU countries. It highlights examples of good practice and implications for the guidelines and requirements being drawn up by the EU.
Emissions reduction, climate change, and Paris Agreement
- UN Environment: Emissions gap report (November 2016)
Excerpt: The world must urgently up action to cut a further 25% from predicted 2030 emissions, says UN Environment report 2016.
Excerpt: This report is an indicator-based assessment of past and projected climate change and its impacts on ecosystems and society. It also looks at society’s vulnerability to these impacts and at the development of adaptation policies and the underlying knowledge base.
- World Resources Institute working paper: Examining the alignment between the intended nationally determined contributions and Sustainable Development Goals (September 2016)
Excerpt: This working paper explores the extent to which the Paris Agreement and the SDGs are aligned in a concrete way by identifying examples of climate actions in the INDCs that have the potential to generate mutual benefits with the SDGs.
EU Energy Union governance
Excerpt: The Commission proposal contains some positive elements. But in the absence of binding national targets for energy efficiency and renewable energy, the Commission proposal does not provide incentives for Members States to make appropriately ambitious pledges.
Excerpt: A credible governance framework is key to meeting the 2030 targets and delivering the Energy Union because it will reinforce investor confidence and energy security and enable citizens to take ownership of the transition.
External resources - EU Emissions Trading System and use of its revenues
- WWF infographic 'Five steps to fixing the EU ETS' (2016)
- European Commission overview of auctioning emissions allowances
- Carbon Market Watch policy brief: Addressing aviation emissions under the EU Emissions Trading System
- GermanWatch paper on earmarking ETS allowances for climate action (2013)
- Oxfam paper on the EU ETS as a source of international climate finance
- IETA case study of EU ETS (2015)
- Energy Post article on use of emissions trading revenues for low-carbon finance (2014)
- RFF paper on the architecture of the EU Emissions Trading System in phase 3
- Centre for Climate Change, Economics and Policy working paper - Cars, carbon taxes and CO2 emissions (2015)