Related external resources
CAN Europe calls on the European Parliament and Council to improve the proposed Energy Union governance legislation by taking into account some key political demands. Read now.
Is a carbon tax effective in reducing emissions of greenhouse gases, and thereby mitigating climate change? The author estimates the reduction in emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) from the transport sector in Sweden during the years 1990 to 2005 as a result of the introduction of a carbon tax and a value added tax (VAT) on transport fuel in the years 1990-1991. Read now.
The global energy transition is particularly sensitive to three main forces: the state of international politics which itself is contingent on security matters; the integration of economic and energy-related objectives and incentives; and, finally, the balancing between climate change mitigation and adaptation response types. Read now.
This report is an indicator-based assessment of past and projected climate change and its impacts on ecosystems and society. It also looks at society’s vulnerability to these impacts and at the development of adaptation policies and the underlying knowledge base. Read now.
EU member states used much more of the ETS revenues for low-carbon development than EU law suggests they should. This suggests that the ETS could become a major source of low-carbon finance in the future, writes Emil Dimantchev, senior analyst at Thomson Reuters, but more earmarking is needed. Read now.
This paper argues that ETS revenues could become an essential funding source already during the second and then the third EU ETS period. Starting in 2013, at least half of the allowances are being auctioned – and hence, much more and stable revenues could be generated (with the appropriate framework conditions). Read now.
This study highlights lessons that can be learned from recent experiences with 2050 decarbonization strategies in selected EU countries. It highlights examples of good practice and implications for the guidelines and requirements being drawn up by the EU. Read now.
A credible governance framework is key to meeting the 2030 targets and delivering the Energy Union because it will reinforce investor confidence and energy security and enable citizens to take ownership of the transition. Read now.
LSE evidence submitted to Parliamentary consultations on the effect of Brexit on UK climate policies concludes that, on balance, the best option for the UK is to negotiate to stay within the EU ETS. But what alternatives does the UK have? This article considers the options. Read now.
The ETS revision needs to include substantial changes to turn it into an effective mitigation and financing instrument, including the permanent cancellation of the large surplus of allowances and a move towards full auctioning of all allowances, argues this paper. Read now.
This paper explores the extent to which the Paris Agreement and the SDGs are aligned. Read.
INTERNATIONAL NEGOTIATIONS AND NATIONAL POLICIES
4. Countries in Marrakech commit to put Paris deal into action by 2018 Aurora D’Aprile, Marinella Davide 6. Is US climate policy history repeating itself? Aurora D’Aprile
8. Fossil industry commits more funding to decarbonize Aurora D’Aprile
10. Clean energy fundamental in climate long-term strategies Michael Schneider
FLEXIBLE MECHANISMS AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
12. Review of the L&D mechanism agreed in Marrakech Elisa Calliari
14. Morocco transitions from net importer to green energy leader Jacopo Bencini
THE CARBON MARKET
16. Carbon markets: October– November 2016 Marinella Davide
In the aftermath of Habitat III - dealing with sustainable urbanization - and in preparation for COP22 and the entry into force of the Paris Agreement, we offer a downloadable 30-page concept note dealing with the the long term plans to deliver climate and development objectives.
These 2050 decarbonization plans will be effective to the extent they combine top quality analytics and modelling with political analysis that deliver winning strategies not only to deliver on the climate targets but also to deal with the opposition to change.
Because all countries will eventually have to develop 2050 plans, this area is a fertile area for collaboration around lessons from previous efforts and best emerging practice.
Recognizing that each country has unique national circumstances and priorities, this guide describes the main steps in the process of developing LEDS and NAMAs that a country would need to follow; it identifies the main questions that need to be addressed at each stage of the process and describes the main relevant policy instruments available, based on the analysis of the practical experience with LEDS and related processes to date.
Where possible the guide uses practical examples to illustrate various ele ments of a LEDS. Therefore this guide is intended to help policy makers organize the process of developing LEDS or NAMAs and to assist in preparing initial concepts for such strategies or actions. It is also intended to serve as the basis for determining s trategic national goals and for obtaining international finance to support national actions. It can also be used as a reference for where to find more detailed information on various elements
This paper outlines how the concept of LEDS has evolved in the climate policy discourse and explores how it could usefully add to the large number of existing strategies, action plans, and reporting documents that are already available. The paper outlines gaps that LEDS could fill, the elements it could contain, and how LEDS can be prepared to ensure that they are effective and efficient in delivering their intended goals.
The European Commission's 2011 Energy Roadmap set out four main routes to a more sustainable, competitive and secure energy system in 2050: energy efficiency, renewable energy, nuclear energy, and carbon capture and storage. It combined these routes in different ways to create and analyse seven possible scenarios for 2050.
The DDPP experience shows that designing long-term pathways can help:
1. Build development pathways that are consistent with both national circumstances and global climate constraints.
2. Support the identification of country-specific actions towards low-emission futures.
3. Select the short-term actions needed to follow truly transformative pathways in the long term.
4. Inform the regular revisions of domestic transformations in a context of uncertainties.
5. Ensure that low-emission transformations are consistent with the satisfaction of domestic development priorities.
6. Reveal the requirements from international cooperation to enable domestic transformations.
This publication has been created within the framework of the project »Exploring Sustainable Low Carbon Development Pathways«. Based on 21 studies from different developing countries and economic sectors, it shows that climate protection and poverty reduction are not necessarily in competition, but that they can be combined. At the same time, the authors illustrate the challenges that exist on the path to sustainable development models and those on the agenda at the UN climate summit in Paris, and they outline sustainable policy approaches for an equitable socio-ecological transformation.
ESMAP and the World Bank began in 2007 to provide support to countries to develop longterm frameworks for reducing GHG emissions in a way that is compatible with economic growth objectives and tied to national and sectoral plans. In total, seven studies were conducted between 2007 and 2010, for the following countries: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Poland, and South Africa. This report collates the lessons learned from these studies and is intended as a practical guide for government officials, practitioners, and development agencies involved in low carbon development planning.
There is a strong need for clarification both of the underlying terminology and possible approaches, and development of more detailed guidance and tools to assist the national processes.
Several initiatives by national, bilateral and multilateral actors are attempting to bring about this clarification and improved understanding, essentially combining practical application with normative development, and providing the experiences as input to the political negotiations being conducted under the UNFCCC.
This UNEP primer aims to contribute to this clarification by presenting the basic principles, proposing some possible elements of a national LCDS and NAMA preparation process, and providing a template for NAMA articulation. These proposals are not presented as ultimate thoughts, but as specific ideas for discussion and practical testing.
TRANSrisk - Transitions Pathways and Risk Analysis for Climate Change Mitigation and Adaption Strategies, started in September 2015 under the umbrella of EU Horizon 2020 programme.
TRANSrisk aims to assess low emission transition pathways that are technically and economically feasible and acceptable from a social and environmental viewpoint.
TRANSrisk brings together quantitative models and qualitative approaches, focusing on participatory consultations with stakeholders as a link between the approaches.